»Now the subject of Material is clearly the foundation of architecture, and perhaps one would not go very far wrong if one defined architecture as the art of building suitably with suitable material.«

William Morris, 1892

»Materials play a most important role in the plastic arts. The development of a sculpture is defined through its material. The material makes up the emotional basis of a sculpture, gives it a basic accent and defines the limits of its aesthetic effect. The origin of this fact is deeply hidden in the human psyche. Its nature is useful and aesthetic. Our ties to materials are based on our organic similarity to these materials. This kind of relatedness provides the foundation for all our ties to nature. Like humans, materials originate in primal matter. Without this close connection to materials and without this interest in their existence, the rise of our entire culture and civilization would have been impossible.«

Naum Gabo, 1937

»Recently, materials other than rigid industrial ones have begun to show up. Oldenburg was one of the first to use such materials. A direct investigation of the properties of these materials is in progress. This involves a reconsideration of the use of tools in relation to material. In some cases these investigations move from the making of things to the making of material itself. Sometimes a direct manipulation of a given material without the use of any tool is made. In these cases considerations of gravity become as important as those of space. The focus on matter and gravity as means results in forms which were not projected in advance. Considerations of ordering are necessarily casual and imprecise and unemphasized. Random piling, loose stacking, hanging, give passing form to the material. Chance is accepted and indeterminacy is implied since replacing will result in another configuration. Disengagement with preconceived enduring forms and orders for things is a positive assertion. It is part of the work’s refusal to continue aestheticizing form by dealing with it as a prescribed end.«

Robert Morris, 1968

Foto: Tobias Roch, Hagen Bildrechte: VG Bild Kunst, Bonn 2014 Bildrechte: gemeinfrei, Foto: Peter Hinschläger Bildrechte: Calder Foundation New York / Foto Stiftung Lehmbruck Museum

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